Lina Karam's Homepage
Picture of Lina Karam Lina Karam
Computer Engineering Chair
Professor, School of Electrical, Computer & Energy Engineering
IEEE Fellow

Director, Image, Video, and Usability (IVU) Lab
Director, Real-Time Embedded Signal Processing (RESP) Lab
Office: Goldwater Building, Room 430 (GWC 430)
School of Electrical, Computer, and Energy Engineering
Arizona State University
Tempe, AZ 85287-5706

E-Mail: karam@asu.edu
Phone: (480) 965-3694
Fax: (480) 965-0493
wwww.linkedin.com/in/linakaram


Recent News Article:
ASU Full Circle Article - Visual tech visionaries honored with innovation awards,
& the corresponding World's First Visual Innovation Award YouTube Video - Finalists' Keynotes

Research Topics and Publications Highlights
Signal, Image, and Video Processing, Compression, and Transmission; Computer Vision; Machine Learning; Perceptual-based Processing; Multidimensional Signal Processing; Digital Filter Design. 220+ Journal and Conference Publications; 3 books; 7 book chapters; 9 patents; Graduated 40+ MS and PhD students as Thesis Advisor.
Google Scholar
Industry Collaborations and Technology Transfer
R&D collaborations on computer vision, image/video processing, image/video compression, image/video transmission, and digital filtering projects with industries including Intel, Google, NTT, Qualcomm, Microsoft, Motorola/Freescale, General Dynamics, and NASA.
Inventor on 9 patents.

Lina Karam's CV

Image, Video, and Usability Lab

2016 IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP) Sept. 25-28, 2016, Phoenix, Arizona, USA.
Check out
Announced Finalists for the World's First Visual Innovation Award

IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo , 11-15 July, Seattle, Washington, USA

Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) Conference , 26 June- 1 July 2016, Las Vegas, Nevavda, USA.

International Conference on the Quality of Multimedia Experience (QoMEX) , June 2016, Lisbon, Portugal.

International Workshop on Video Processing and Quality Metrics for Consumer Electronics (VPQM), Feb. 5-6, 2015, Chandler, Arizona.

Awards

Research

Biography

Technology Transfer

Publications

Teaching

Links



Awards

IEEE Fellow.

IEEE Signal Processing Society's Best Paper Award (IEEE Transactions Journal Paper), 2014

2012 Intel Outstanding Researcher for the development of computer vision and image processing systems for high-volume semi-conductor manufacturing

Outstanding Faculty Award, IEEE Phoenix Section, February 2012

QoMEX 2012 Best Paper Award

American University of Beirut Distinguished Alumnus Award, May 2011

Certificate of Merit, IEEE Signal Processing Society, 2009

NASA Technical Innovation and Recognition Award for development of perceptual-based visual compression systems, 2006

Outstanding Technical Contributions, IEEE Phoenix Section, 2005

US National Science Foundation CAREER Award

Professional Leadership and Service Recognition, IEEE Signal Processing and IEEE Communications Societies, 1999

Society of Women Engineer Outstanding Graduate Student Award (Georgia Tech)

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Research Interests

Dr. Karam's current research interests are in the areas of image and video processing, compression, and transmission; computer vision; machine learning; visual quality assessment; perceptual-based processing; human visual perception; signal processing for intelligent systems and robotics; human-machine interactions; multidimensional signal processing; error-resilient source coding; digital filter design; and bio-medical imaging.

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Biography

Lina J. Karam received a BA in engineering from the American University of Beirut in 1989, and MS and PhD degrees in electrical engineering from the Georgia Institute of Technology in 1992 and 1995, respectively. She is currently a full professor and is also the director of the Image, Video, and Usability (IVU) Lab and the Real-Time Embedded Signal Processing (RESP) Labs at ASU.
Dr. Karam is an IEEE Fellow, the highest grade level in IEEE which is conferred each year to no more than one-tenth of 1% of all IEEE voting members, for her contributions in the image and video processing, visual communications, and digital filtering areas. She has over 200 technical publications and she is a co-inventor on a number of patents.
Professor Karam is a recipient of the National Science Foundation CAREER Award, NASA Technical Innovation Award, AUB Distinguished Alumnus Award, IEEE Phoenix Section Outstanding Faculty Award, the Intel Outstanding Researcher Award, the IEEE SPS Best Journal Paper Award. Her industrial experience includes image and video processing and compression development at AT&T Bell Labs (Murray Hill), multi-dimensional data processing and visualization at Schlumberger, and collaborations on computer vision, image/video processing, compression, and transmission projects with various industries including Intel, Qualcomm, Google, NTT, Motorola, Freescale, General Dynamics, and NASA.
She is currently serving as the General Chair of the IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP 2016). She also served as the General Chair of the 2011 IEEE Signal Processing Workshop and the 2011 IEEE Signal Processing Education Workshop. She is serving on the editorial boards of the IEEE Signal Processing Magazine and of the Foundations and Trends in Signal Processing journal. She previously served on the editorial boards of the IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, IEEE Signal Processing Letters, and Foundations and Trends in Signal Processing. She served as the lead editor of the Proceedings of the IEEE journal, Special issue of Perceptual-based Media Processing, and of the IEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Signal Processing, Special Issue on Visual Media Quality Assessment, and as a Technical Program Chair of the 2009 IEEE International Conference on Image Processing. She is a founding member of the International Workshop on Video Processing and Quality Metrics for Consumer Electronics (VPQM) and of the International Workshop on Quality of Multimedia Experience (QoMEX). She is an elected member of the IEEE SPS Board of Governors and a member of the IEEE Publications Board's Strategic Planning Committee. She is currently a member of the IEEE Circuits and Systems Society's DSP Technical Committee (1996-present) and the IEEE Signal Processing Society's (SPS) IVMSP Technical Committee (2005-2011, 2014-present). She previously served as a member of the IEEE SPS Multimedia Technical Committee (2011 - 2014), and the IEEE SPS Education Technical Committee (2010-2012). She is currently serving as a member of the University Promotion and Tenure Committee at ASU.
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Technology Transfer

Dr. Karam has directed projects that led to successful technology transfer. Some select projects and patents are listed below.

Dr. Karam directed the development of coputer vision and machine learning systems for assistive technologies include ADAS technologies for smart cars. The developed real-time forward collision warning system prototype was demonstrated by our Intel industry collaborators at the 2015 Consumers' Electronic Symposium (CES) in Las Vegas. Dr. Karam directed the development and evaluation of image/video-based gender and age estimation systems for industry partners. Dr. Karam directed the development of scalable visual compression technologies that outperform existing video codecs in low-bandwidth environments. The developed codecs were commercialized by General Dynamics as SelectFocus Image and SelectFocus Video and were integrated as the core of General Dymanics'
OTUS Integrated Mobile Situational Awareness System . More details can be found in Chien, Sadaka, Abousleman, and Karam, "Region-of-Interest-Based Ultra-Low-Bit-Rate Video Coding," SPIE Symposium on Defense & Security, March 2008.

Dr. Karam has directed the development of visual processing, computer vision, and machine learning algorithms for automated defect detection in semi-conductor units and 3D characterization. The developed systems are currently being used at Intel for automatically identifying issues early during the assembly and test process. The developed void detection system helped in enabling two industry standards, JEDEC JC 14-1 void guideline and IPC-7095C. More details can be found in Said, Bennett, Karam, and Pettinato, "Robust Automatic Void Detection in Solder Balls and Joints," IPC Printed Circuit Expo, April 2010, and in Said et al., "Automated Void Detection in Solder Balls in the Presence of Vias and Other Artifacts," to appear in the IEEE Transactions on Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology. The developed image-based non-wet solder joints detection system was granted a Divisional Recognition Award by Intel. More details can be found in Said, Bennett, Karam, and Pettinato, "Automated Detection and Classification of Non-Wet Solder Joints," IEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering, Jan 2011. More details about the 3D Characterication including mage-based solder ball height and warpage measurements can be found in Li, Bennett, Karam, and Pettinato, "Stereo Vision Based Automated Solder Ball Height and Substrate Coplanarity Inspection," IEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 757-771, April 2016. Details about machine learning based computer vision for defect detection can be found in Haddad, Yang, Karam, Ye, Patel and Braun, "Multi-Feature, Sparse-Based Approach for Defects Detection and Classification in Semiconductor Units," accepted and to appear in the IEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering, 14 pages, 2016. Dr. Karam was granted the 2012 Intel Outstanding Researcher Award in High-Volume Manufacturing.

Dr. Karam has directed the development of perceptual-based visual compression methods and algorithms. The work on JPEG2000 Encoding with Perceptual Distortion Control enabled the integration of adaptive perceptual-based visual processing and compression in the JPEG 2000 image coding standard and demonstrated improved performance in terms of visual quality and compression while maintaining full compatibility with the JPEG 2000 standard. For this significant contribution, Dr. Karam received a Technical Innovation Award from the US National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).

Dr. Karam directed the development of automated biomedical image analysis i algorithms that enable high-thoughput cancer diagnostics and drug discovery. The developed automated image analysis technologies have been commercialized by Muscale, LLC, and have been used for cancer research at different institutions, including the Translational Genomics Institute (TGEN) and the New York School of Medicine.

Dr. Karam has developed as a consultant for PICARIS, LLC, image mosaicing technologies.

Patents
Tinku Acharya, Lina J. Karam, and Francescomaria Marino, "The Compression of Color Images Based on a 2-Dimensional Discrete Wavelet Transform Yielding a Perceptually Lossless Image," US Patent 6,154,493. Filed 1998 by Intel. Issued 2000.

Tinku Acharya, Lina J. Karam, and Francescomaria Marino, "Real-time Algorithms and Architectures for Coding Images Compressed by DWT-Based Techniques," US Patent 6,124,811. Filed 1998 by Intel. Issued 2000.

Glen P. Abousleman, Tuyet-Trang Lam, and Lina J. Karam, "Communication System and Method for Multi-Rate, Channel-Optimized Trellis-Coded Quantization," US Patent 6,717,990. Filed 2000 by Motorola. Issued 2004.

Katherine S. Tyldesley, Glen P. Abousleman, and Lina J. Karam, "System and Method for Transmission of Video Signals using Multiple Channels," US Patent. Filed 2003 by General Dynamics.

Glen P. Abousleman, Wei-Jung Chien and Lina J. Karam, "Method and Apparatus for Network-Adaptive Video Coding," US Patent. Provisional filed 2007 by ASU. Full patent filed 2008 by ASU.

Lina J. Karam and Asaad Said, "Automatic Cell Migration and Proliferation Analysis," United States Patent 9,082,164. Issued July 14, 2015. Applications: Cancer Diagnosis, Drug Discovery, Cell Migration Rate, Cell Count, biomedical imaging

Lina J. Karam and Samuel Dodge, "Systems, Methods, and Media for Recognizing Gestures, Objects, and Activities," Provisional Patent filed 2012 by ASU/AzTE.

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Selected Publications

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Bashar M. Haddad, Sen Yang, Lina J. Karam, Jieping Ye, Nital Patel, and Martin Braun, "Multi-Feature, Sparse-Based Approach for Defects Detection and Classification in Semiconductor Units," accepted and to appear in the IEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering, 14 pages, 2016.

Milind Gide and Lina J. Karam, "Locally Weighted Fixation Density-Based Metric for Assessing the Quality of Visual Saliency Predictions," IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, vol. 25, no. 8, pp. 3852-3861, Aug. 2016.

Mahesh Subedar and Lina J. Karam, “3D Blur Discrimination,” ACM Transactions on Applied Perception, vol. 13, issue 3, article no. 12, 13 pages, May 2016, doi 10.1145/2896453.

Srenivas Varadarajan and Lina J. Karam, "A No-Reference Texture Regularity Metric Based on Visual Saliency," IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, pp. 2784 - 2796, Sept. 2015. Srenivas Varadarajan and Lina J. Karam, "A No-Reference Texture Regularity Metric Based on Visual Saliency," IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, pp. 2784 - 2796, Sept. 2015.

Jinjin Li, Bonnie Bennett, Lina J. Karam, and Jeffrey S. Pettinato, "Stereo Vision Based Automated Solder Ball Height and Substrate Coplanarity Inspection," IEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering, 15 pages, March 2015.

Charan D. Prakash, Jinjin Li, Farshad Akhbari, Lina J. Karam, "Sparse Depth Calculation Using Real-Time Key-Point Detection and Structure from Motion for Advanced Driver Assist Systems," Advances in Visual Computing, Volume 8887, Springer Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pp 740-751, Dec. 2014.

Tong Zhu and Lina J. Karam, "A No-Reference Objective Image Quality Metric based on Perceptually Weighted Local Noise," EURASIP Journal on Image and Video Processing, 2014 (8 pages). Available online: http://jivp.eurasipjournals.com/content/2014/1/5.

Qian Xu, Srenivas Varadarajan, Chaitali Chakrabarti, and Lina J. Karam, "A Distributed Canny Edge Detector: Algorithm and FPGA Implementation," IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, vol. 23, issue 7, pp. 2944-2960, July 2014.

Lina J. Karam, W. Bastiaan Klein, and Karon MacLean, "Perception-based Media Processing," Proceedings of the IEEE, vol. 101, issue 9, pp. 1900-1904, Sep. 2013.

Gaurav Sharma, Lina Karam, and Patrick Wolfe, "Select Trends in Image, Video, and Multidimensional Signal Processing," IEEE Signal Processing Magazine, pp. 5-8, Jan. 2012. Lina J. Karam, Nabil G. Sadaka, Rony Ferzli and Zoran A. Ivanovski, "An Efficient Selective Perceptual-Based Super-Resolution Estimator," IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, vol. 20, no. 12, pp. 3470-3482, Dec. 2011.

Touradj Ebrahimi, Lina Karam, Fernando Pereira, Khaled El-Maleh, and Ian Burnett, "The Quality of Multimedia: Challenges and Trends," IEEE Signal Processing Magazine, pp. 17 & 148, Nov. 2011.

Shyamprasad Chikkerur, Vijay Sundaram, Martin Reisslein, and Lina J. Karam, "Objective Video Quality Assessment Methods: A Classi?cation, Review, and Performance Comparison," IEEE Transactions on Broadcasting, vol. 57, no. 2, pp. 165-182, June 2011.

Niranjan D. Narvekar and Lina J. Karam, "A No-Reference Image Blur Metric Based on the Cumulative Probability of Blur Detection (CPBD)," IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, vol. 20, no. 9, pp. 2678-2682, Sep. 2011.

Asaad F. Said, Bonnie L. Bennett, Lina J. Karam, and Jeff Pettinato, "Automated Detection and Classification of Non-Wet Solder Joints," IEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 67-80, Jan. 2011.

Asaad F. Said, Bonnie L. Bennett, Lina J. Karam, and Jeff Pettinato, "Robust Automated Void Detection in Solder Balls and Joints," OnBoard Technology Magazine, Issue of the Decade on Quality, pp. 36-41, Sep. 2010.

Lina J. Karam, Lossless Image Compression, in The Essential Guide to Image Processing, Al Bovik Editor, Chapter 16, pages 385-417, Elsevier Academic Press, 2009.

Wei-Jung Chien and Lina J. Karam, "Transform-Domain Distributed Video Coding with Rate-Distortion Based Adaptive Quantization," IET Image Processing Journal, Special Issue on Distributed Video Coding, pages 340-354, vol. 3, no. 6, Dec. 2009.

Lina J. Karam, Ismail AlKamal, Alan Gatherer, Gene Frantz, David Anderson, and Brian Evans, "Trends in Multi-Core DSP Platforms," IEEE Signal Processing Magazine, Special Issue on Signal Processing on Platforms with Multiple Cores, pages 38-49, Nov. 2009.

Wei-Jung Chien and Lina J. Karam, "BLAST-DVC: BitpLAne SelecTive Distributed Video Coding," Springer Multimedia Tools and Applications Journal, Special Issue on Distributed Video Coding, July 2009, DOI 10.1007/s11042-009-0314-8. [
pdf ]

Lina J. Karam, Touradj Ebrahimi, Sheila Hemami, Thrasos Pappas, Robert Safranek, Zhou Wang, and Andrew B. Watson, "Introduction to the Special Issue on Visual Media Quality Assessment," IEEE Journal on Special Topics in Signal Processing, Special Issue on Visual Media Quality Assessment, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 189-192, April 2009. [ pdf ]

Rony Ferzli and Lina J. Karam, "A No-Reference Objective Image Sharpness Metric Based on the Notion of Just Noticeable Blur (JNB)," IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 717-728, April 2009. [ pdf ]

Brian Lenoski, Leslie C. Baxter, Lina J. Karam, José Maisog, and Josef Debbins, "On the Performance of Autocorrelation Estimation Algorithms for fMRI Analysis," IEEE Journal on Special Topics in Signal Processing, Special Issue on Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging, vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 828-838, Dec. 2008. [ pdf ]

Lina J. Karam and Naji Mounsef, Introduction to Engineering: A Starter's Guide With Hands-On Digital Multimedia Explorations and Robotics , Morgan-Claypool, 2008.

Lina J. Karam and Naji Mounsef, Introduction to Engineering: A Starter's Guide With Hands-On Analog Multimedia Explorations , Morgan-Claypool, 2008.

Lina J. Karam and Tuyet-Trang Lam, "Selective Error Detection for Error-Resilient Wavelet-Based Image Coding," IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, vol. 16, no. 12, pp. 2936-2942, Dec. 2007. [ pdf ]

Hands-On Digital Multimedia Explorations and Robotics , Morgan-Claypool, 2008.

Lina J. Karam and Naji Mounsef, Introduction to Engineering: A Starter's Guide With Hands-On Analog Multimedia Explorations , Morgan-Claypool, 2008.

Lina J. Karam and Tuyet-Trang Lam, "Selective Error Detection for Error-Resilient Wavelet-Based Image Coding," IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, vol. 16, no. 12, pp. 2936-2942, Dec. 2007. [ pdf ]

Zhen Liu, Lina J. Karam, and Andrew B. Watson, "JPEG2000 Encoding with Perceptual Distortion Control," IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, vol. 15, no. 7, pp. 1763- 1778, Jul. 2006. [ pdf ]

Zhen Liu and Lna J. Karam, "Mutual Information-Based Analysis of JPEG 2000 Contexts", IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 411-422, April 2005. [ pdf ]

Lina J. Karam, James H. McClellan, Ivan Selesnick, and C. Sid Burrus, "Digital Filtering," in CRC Digital Signal Processing Handbook (Vijay Madisetti and Douglas Williams, Editors), Jan. 1998.

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Teaching

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Links

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Lina J. Karam ( karam@asu.edu )